Diagnostic tools traveling inside pipelines scan the walls with technologies similar to an ultrasound or MRI to locate even microscopic cracks. They’re part of the reason operators often are able to prevent incidents before they occur.

Technology is helping reduce greenhouse gas emissions through state-of-the-art leak detection and advanced equipment designs.

Operators use steerable, trenchless tunneling to lay pipeline under a river or road without affecting things above. Directional tunneling reduces the surface construction footprint and decreases the possibility of erosion.

Ships are being designed to use low sulfur fuels, including diesel and LNG, to meet new global standards. Commercial economics, infrastructure and availability will continue to drive innovations in global shipping.